State of Métis Nation Learning (2005)
The Métis is a distinct society among the Aboriginal Peoples of Canada. Located throughout Canada but in particular in the Prairies in heritage communities and urban areas, the Métis have a common political will, consciousness, language, culture, history, and homeland. Recognized in the Constitution of Canada in 1982 as one of the distinct Aboriginal Peoples of Canada, they have both unique and similar experiences with First Nations and Inuit peoples. Uniquely, they are seeking a national approach that would provide the representation and authority to advance the implementation of self- government and thus enable their control and regulation of all programming for Métis Nation. Without the federal status of First Nations, they have no funds for education and other services guaranteed to First Nations through treaties. Their unique political history of dispossession and resistance to land seizure and exclusion from Canadian settlements stands as a symbol of the tenacity of the people and their determination to remain a distinct part of Canada’s identity. They also face similar issues as First Nations from the lack of control over their present and future, a lack of education and employment and training, high levels of poverty, and many of the same healing issues surrounding residential schools and racism in Canada.