The 42 Articles and Annexes of the Convention on Biological Diversity are grounded in the three primary objectives laid out in Article 1 which are “the conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources” (Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, 2003, p. 4). The CBD is a global instrument, created to benefit all people. The relevance of including the CBD in this research is important because from its inception,
The international community has recognized the close and traditional dependence of many indigenous and local communities on biological resources, notably in the preamble to the Convention on Biological Diversity. There is also a broad recognition of the contribution that traditional knowledge can make to both the conservation and the sustainable use of biological diversity, two fundamental objectives of the Convention.(Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, 2009)
The Métis National Council is involved in Convention on Biological Diversity forums with Canada and with the International Indigenous Forum on Biodiversity. The MNC attends meetings on
* Article 8(j) on In-Situ Conservation as it relates to traditional knowledge, innovations and practices of Indigenous Peoples;
* Article 10(c) on customary sustainable use of biodiversity;
* the Intergovernmental Committee on the Nagoya Protocol addressing access and benefit-sharing of traditional knowledge;
* the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technology and Technological Advice; and
* the major decision-making meetings of the Conference of the Parties.
Although all of the work of the CBD is important to Métis People, the MNC is only able to participate in some aspects of the CBD work. The CBD influences national policies Canada implements in efforts to ensure a healthy natural environment for the future. The Species at Risk Act was an outcome of Canada’s involvement in the CBD, and is the first legislation to include Aboriginal Peoples in a national governance process. Currently, Canada is beginning to develop a National Conservation Plan and has requested Métis input. The Aichi Targets will guide CBD work during 2011-2020 and provide an opportunity for Métis perspectives to be included with other Indigenous Peoples as well as world governments and international organizations.
Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity. (2003). Handbook of the Convention on Biological Diversity: 2nd edition (updated to include the outcome of the sixth meeting of the Conference of the Parties) (2nd Edition ed.). Montreal, QC, Canada: Transcontinental Printing.
Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity. (2009). Press release: The role of Indigenous and local communities in protecting life on Earth. Retrieved 2009 йил 2-Nov from Convention on Biological Diversity: http://www.cbd.int/doc/press/2009/pr-2009-10-30-wg8j-en.pdf