Métis are Aboriginal People with a mixed Indian and European ancestry.  The Constitution Act, 1982 recognizes Indian, Inuit and Métis as the Aboriginal Peoples of Canada (Government of Canada, n.d.).  In this proposal, references to Métis are limited to those represented by the Métis National Council (MNC).  The MNC is a body mandated by its Governing Members in British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba and Ontario, representing the Métis Nation in federal processes on Métis rights and representing the Métis Nation internationally within the United Nations and the Organization of American States (Métis National Council, 2004).

The Métis National Council’s Governing Members are:

  • Métis Nation – British Columbia
  • Métis Nation of Alberta
  • Métis Nation – Saskatchewan
  • Manitoba Métis Federation
  • Métis Nation of Ontario
Métis identify as one Nation with representative governing authorities to assist in ensuring the particular needs of Métis in specific regions and communities are met.

Throughout the region identified at the Métis Nation Homeland, there are hundreds of thousands of Métis people.  “According to the 2006 Census, 389,785 people in Canada identified as Métis, an increase of 33% since 2001. The Métis made up 33% of the Aboriginal identity population, which numbered 1,172,790.” (Janz, Seto, & Turner, 2009)  While Métis census figures are problematic for a number of reasons, estimates still have some value.



Government of Canada. (n.d.). Constitution Acts 1867 to 1982. Retrieved 2008 йил 13-April from Department of Justice Canada: http://laws.justice.gc.ca/en/const/annex_e.html#II

Metis National Council. (2004). Snapshot of the Nation: An Overview of the Metis Nation’s Governance Structures and Institutions. Ottawa: Metis National Council.

Janz, T., Seto, J., & Turner, A. (2009). Aboriginal Peoples Survey, 2006: An Overview of the Health of the Métis Population. Statistics Canada, Social and Aboriginal Statistics Division. Ottawa: c Minister of Industry, 2009, Government of Canada.